The wine producing region of Rioja is situated in the Ebro valley. Its northern border is determined by the Sierra de Cantabria mountain range, and in the south by Sierra de la Demanda, and the resulting conditions create a very privileged environment for vineyards.
The 50,000 hectares of vines which currently make up the region of the Denominación de Origen Calificada "Rioja" are spread over the Autonomous Regions, or Communities, of La Rioja, the Basque Country and Navarra. Their average annual yield is 190 million litres, 75% of which is red wine, with the rest whites or rosés.


Rioja is characterised by being an appellation in which the different types of wines are achieved through a careful process of grape selection in the various subzones.









 20.500 Ha. of vines

Medium strenght
Full-bodied and high total acidity
Suitable for aging in casks


Atlantic and Mediterranean

  11.500 Ha. of vines

Red wines of medium strength and total acidity
Ready for drinking (young wines obtained via carbonic maceration) and also for aging in casks



 18.000 Ha. of vines

Reds and Roses with higher alcohol content and extract




Although covering a small area, the natural region of Rioja possesses different types of soil and climatic conditions. This aids the development of the vines, giving distinctive characteristics which are ingrained in the special nature of our wines.
As the land of Rioja slopes down from west to east, so the climate becomes increasingly drier and hotter due to the Mediterranean influence.




There are THREE KINDS OF SOIL suitable for the cultivation of vines in Rioja:


 Zonas que abarcan

Extensión respecto al total

Características del terreno

Características de los vinos


Rioja Alavesa, la Sonsierra and Rioja Alta Lands


Terraced slopes,


small plots

Rich in glycerine extracts; good colour
Basis of red riojas
Whites with character
Light in colour

Land spread allover the of D.O




Reddish brown and hard with deep hard rock

Light reds with medium body

 Land spread all over the area of D.O. near rivers


Flat with fair depth of soil and large stones


Large plots

Whites and reds with medium body


This variety of land types does not imply any difference in respect of the quality of the wines produced, since Rioja wine is produced from carefully selected grapes from the various zones.
The peculiarities of soil and climate lead to the classification of the wine-producing area into three subzones: Rioja Alta, Rioja Baja and Rioja Alavesa.



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